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HeavyFinance knowledge base

Frequently Asked Questions

About HeavyFinance

HeavyFinance is a marketplace, where investors and businesses dependent on the use of heavy equipment meet. The investment opportunities provided by the HeavyFinance platform are always backed by heavy equipment as collateral.

Regulation on European Crowdfunding Service Providers (ECSP) for business provides clear rules on information disclosures for investors as well as on governance and risk management for crowdfunding platforms.

The company is also regulated on the national level by The Bank of Lithuania as a crowdfunding platform operator. You can find all the related laws and regulations to our activities on the website of The Bank of Lithuania.

Crowdfunding is a model of investment and fundraising where investments are provided by a number of single individuals. Crowdfunding significantly simplifies the investment process, provides an opportunity to choose an investment project and receive a higher return on investment.

HeavyFinance offers an easy process for safe and high-yield investments. First, we find the right projects and present them to you with the relevant backstories, context and comprehensive risk assessments, to effectively optimize your time when picking your investments. Second, you can have peace of mind knowing that we offer loans in an economic sector with a very low rate of expected defaults. And third, we offer well above market returns when compared to other similar financial products in the market.

On top of that, HeavyFinance is the only platform providing an opportunity to invest in loans backed by heavy machinery. The significant benefit to heavy equipment is that collateral is the liquidity of this type of asset. Tractors, combines, and other heavy machines are easier to sell than real estate and don’t lose much value in times of uncertainty.

We fund any project related to the farming activity, from the purchase of equipment and land to working capital, as long as they are securitised by assets according to our risk assessment standards.

The majority of HeavyFinance loans are secured by heavy machinery, land, or grain sales contracts, which values are not bigger than 70% of the loan amount. You can also invest in projects with the received individual state guarantee, which in most cases guarantees 80% of the repayment of the outstanding credits.

Besides, we sometimes list loans up to 15.000 €, which are only backed by sole accountability. When compared to loans secured by first-rank collateral, these loans have a 2% higher interest rate.

Investments through crowd-funding platforms are not subject to the insurance requirement of the Law on Insurance of Deposits and Liabilities to Investors of the Republic of Lithuania.

However, your investment is secured by pledged assets (heavy equipment, land, receivables from the contract of sale) and additional warranties. The investments also can be protected by the partial (usually 80%) state guarantee for the specific projects such projects are signed by the special state guarantee icon.

All projects are carefully assessed by an experienced team of HeavyFinance. We evaluate both the project itself and the owner’s credit history.

Historically, agriculture represents one of the safest asset classes and it boasts one of the lowest default rates of any economic activity. Therefore, HeavyFinance strategically picked this sector to present its investors with safe investment opportunities. However, we would like to stress that investing in HeavyFinance still involves risks, so please do it wisely.

Agriculture is a vital activity sector, almost all that you eat is generated in this sector and that is not posed to change anytime soon. This strategic importance is recognised by all levels of government that heavily subsidise it in “developed countries” to ensure that it has a constant production and workforce, still in large part passed down from father to son. This makes it a sector with a high level of stability and with assets at its disposal (such as land and equipment) while being at the same time cash-intensive.

This is substantiated by the European Commission and European Investment Bank which highlighted the agricultural sector as having a high level of solidity (adjusted equity/total capital) and low level of default risk, therefore considering it a good portfolio investment. Read more about finance in agriculture in the Fi-Compass report “Financial needs in the agriculture and agri-food sectors in the European Union”.

Keep in mind that it also presents specific risks just like any other. General characteristics of the sector include fluctuating profit margins and cash flow, animal diseases, climate, and weather-related fluctuations.

The HeavyFinance platform is an intermediary between the investor and the project owner, offering a range of carefully selected projects of the highest creditworthiness; however, the investor shall assume all possible risks: risk of full or partial loss of funds allocated for funding (capital); absence of potential profit and financial liquidity risks. However, these scenarios are highly improbable. HeavyFinance, acting as the creditors’ representative, will ensure repayment of investments: whenever necessary, a transfer of property pledged by the project owner may be initiated and other measures may be taken to ensure repayment of an investment.

Depending on the project, various measures can be taken to ensure the security of the loan.

Here are some of them: Pledge of property by the primary mortgage; Civil and Comprehensive vehicle insurance, where the HeavyFinance platform is indicated as the beneficiary.

Investing using the HeavyFinance crowdfunding platform is permitted to natural persons who have reached the age of majority and all legal entities.

Prior to making an investment, it is important to confirm your identity via the verification process.

Registering on HeavyFinance is not allowed only for residents of countries on the sanction list of the EU and the United Nations.

First of all, to see all the details about each project and to be able to start investing, you have to create an account on HeavyFinance and choose your payment solution of choice.

All available projects can be found on the projects page. There you can read all the provided information about projects after pressing on one of them. When you decide to make an investment, press the Invest button, select the desired amount (make sure that you have sufficient balance), read general terms and press Invest. After the confirmation process, you will successfully become one of the project investors.

During the registration process, you will be able to choose the payment solution between the HeavyFinance investment wallet and Paysera digital wallet. Both wallets are free of charge and provide a seamless customer experience for our investors. However, there are some slight differences that may help you decide which one to choose.

  • HeavyFinance investment wallet is provided in cooperation with Lemonway, a widely used solution for European retail investors. It is back-to-back integrated to the HeavyFinance platform so you will not need to register to another system. Your Lemonway account is, furthermore, fully controlled from the HeavyFinance platform and you can top up your wallet using SEPA transfer. Therefore, many investors will find this way familiar and easy to fully register and start investing. All investor deposits will be held by BNP Paribas Bank – one of the largest banks in Europe.

 

  • Paysera is a settlement account and operates according to the same principles as the accounts in other banks. Paysera digital wallet provides a wind range of services, it can be used to make transfers, and payments with the available Paysera Visa card or withdraw the available funds as you would do in a transitional bank account. You will find connecting your Paysera account to a HeavyFinance account very convenient. Especially, if you use many other services that Paysera provides.

As for now, we offer different investment opportunities for each group of electronic wallet holders. This means the HeavyFinance wallet users will not be able to invest in loans available to investors with Paysera accounts and vice versa.

However, we are providing equal investment opportunities for both HeavyFinance investment wallet and Paysera digital wallet holders.

HeavyFinance must implement the measures for the prevention of money laundering and terrorist financing established by the legal acts, therefore, before establishing the business relationship, the identity of each user has to be authenticated. Therefore, HeavyFinance is obliged to ask investors to prove their income source to be able to invest in the projects on the platform.

Important information for Lithuanian residents

If you invest as an Individual, the interest earned is included in Class B income, which you must declare and pay 15% PIT (personal income tax) on that income. This tax must be paid by Lithuanian residents themselves on the total amount of interest received during the tax period, which exceeds € 500, i.e. when the total amount of interest received during the tax period exceeds EUR 500, the amount exceeding EUR 500 is taxed at the rate of 15%.

When paying penalties interest, referral bonuses, cashback and other gifts to Lithuanian residents, HeavyFinance will deduct and pay 15% PIT to the State Tax Inspectorate (STI).

 

Important information for foreign residents

Interest on Lithuanian loans paid to foreign resident individuals is classified as Class A income and will be subject to personal income tax (PIT) deducted and paid by HeavyFinance. For this reason, foreign residents will automatically be charged 15% personal income tax before paying interest, which will be transferred to the State Tax Inspectorate (STI).

In order to reduce the taxes, foreign investors whose country of residence has a double taxation avoidance agreement with Lithuania should fill in section I through IV of a DAS-1 form and provide a proof of tax residency document in your country then send it to us at info@heavyfinance.com with email title: “Income Tax”

The withholding tax will be reduced to those people who are residents of the countries that Lithuania has a double tax treaty exemption agreement with.

When paying penalties interest,  referral bonuses, cashback, and other gifts and bonuses to foreign residents, HeavyFinance will make no deductions and is the responsibility of each individual to declare it to their competent tax authority.

Registration and investing in HeavyFinance are totally free of charge.

However, if you are selling your investment on the secondary market a one-time fee per transfer of the right of claim applies. The amount of the fee is 1% of the nominal value of the transferred right of claim. You can read more about fees in our Service Fees section.

Once your investment is paid back to your account, you can withdraw your money.

If you are not willing to wait till the borrower pays back the money according to the schedule, you can sell your investments on the Secondary Market and then withdraw the money.

Not only can you choose the projects with higher ROI, but you can also benefit from our referral program and bonus cash back to increase your earnings.

 

To benefit from the referral program, log in to your HeavyFinance account, go to Menu > Profile > Referral and then simply copy the referral link available or enter any number of email addresses of people that you want to invite to our platform. You can read more about our referral program here

 

To benefit from the cashback bonus, simply apply a promo code valid on the specific project when initiating the investment.

Referral bonus

Your bonus depends on how much your friend has invested within 30 days after the registration on HeavyFinance in the primary market. Your friend will earn the same bonus starting from 5 EUR to 1 000 EUR

 

Cashback bonus

The HeavyFinance bonus system calculates the percentage of your investment. For example, if you have invested 1000 EUR with 2% bonus, you will receive 20 EUR back to your account.

Important note: the percentage is NOT added to the interest rate, it is calculated from your investment amount.

If you did not receive a reset link, e-mail us at info@heavyfinance.com and we will send it to you.

If you want to change communication language, notification settings, or other important settings, press  Profile > Settings.

Investing on HeavyFinance

  1. Register on the HeavyFinance website
  2. Fill in the questionnaire
  3. Choose your payment solution
  4. Choose a project and start earning a return of up to 14%!

 

The HeavyFinance investment wallet:

  • You will be asked to provide your documents for the verification process, the document could be 2 of the following;
    • photocopy of your ID card (both front and back sides)
    • photocopy of your driving license (both front and back sides)
    • photocopy of your passport
  • top-up your wallet by transferring to the bank account together with the reference number available on the wallet section

 

Paysera as a payment provider:

  • If you have an account in the electronic payment system Paysera, click the button “Link account with Paysera”. Then you will automatically redirect to the Paysera page, where you will be able to link Paysera account to your HeavyFinance account.
  • If you do not have an account in Paysera, it will only take a couple of minutes to create one with few simple steps:
    • Download free Paysera app to your smartphone from Google Play or App Store.
    • Open the app, enter your phone number and password. Then enter the code received in the SMS message to the app.
    • Confirm your email address, fill out a customer identification form, and verify your identity.
    • After completing all the steps, click the “Link Account to Paysera” button on the HeavyFinance website and link Paysera and HeavyFinance accounts.
    • In order to increase the limits of your Paysera account, you will need to confirm your identity with a mobile signature, Skype call or go to the Paysera branch.

  1. Register on the HeavyFinance website.
  2. Fill in the questionnaire.
  3. Choose your payment solution
  4. Choose a project and start earning a return of up to 14%.

 

HeavyFinance investment wallet:

  • You will be asked to provide the following documents for identification and verification.
    • Private Limited companies and similar Company’s registry extract (entity’s registration/creation document)
    • Articles of association
    • Legal representative proof of authority
    • Ownership structure & Ultimate Beneficial Owners
    • Identification documents collection (valid National Identity card/ passport/ driving licence) You might be asked to provide any additional documents/information

 

Paysera as a payment provider:

  • If you have a company account in the Paysera payment system, click the “Link account with Paysera” button. Then you will be automatically redirected to the Paysera page, where you will be able to link your account to your HeavyFinance account.
  • If you do not have an account in Paysera, it will only take a couple of minutes to create one. You can see how to create a company account in this video or follow  few simple steps:
    • First, download the Paysera app to your smartphone from Google Play or the App Store.
    • Open the app, enter your phone number and password. Then enter the code received in the SMS message to the app.
    • Confirm your email address, fill out a customer identification form, and verify your identity.
    • After completing all the steps, click the “Link Account to Paysera” button on the HeavyFinance website and link your Paysera business account and HeavyFinance accounts.
    • In order to increase the limits of your Paysera account, you will need to confirm your identity with a mobile signature, Skype call or go to the Paysera branch.

The reason your onboarding process remains unsuccessful is mainly due to the documents being rejected. The common rejected reasons are:

  • Missing proof of identity document(s)
  • Back or front side of the document is missing
  • Part of the document is cropped out
  • Poor photo quality
  • Expired document

If your document is rejected, you will receive an email from us. Please login to your account and upload the rejected document(s).

You can invest a minimum of EUR 100 in each crowdfunding project on the HeavyFinance platform. There is no maximum restriction on the investment amount and number of funding projects.

Whether you prefer an analytical or an intuitive approach, the first step is to go through the available information thoroughly. One of the key tasks of our team at HeavyFinance is to gather, assess and prepare all necessary information so that you can make an informed decision.

You can easily find the context and the key information of each project, such as LTV, interest rate, pledged assets, financial performance, and more to help you evaluate risk and ROI.

Every farmer is evaluated based on his or her experience in the sector and the historical results of the farm. HeavyFinance requires project owners to provide financial information regarding the results of previous years and their present financial situation. This information is sustained by official documents such as Company activity information or business registration, Tax returns, PnL, etc. as well as collateral to cover the required loan-to-value ratio.

The risk modeling consists of various inputs, such as income, liabilities, debt history, net revenue, equity, assets, LTV, and the change in certain ratios throughout the time. The LTV is a minor input, in the sense that the risk model predicts the borrower’s ability to repay the loan without the liquidation of the assets pledged.

Most of the HeavyFinance loans are securitised by a guarantee or collateral.

The LTV (or loan to value) is the ratio between the amount to be lent and the value of the collateral presented. If a project shows a 70% LTV, it means that the borrower is asking for a loan worth 70% of the value of the collateral he/she pledged (i.e. asks for 70 000 EUR when pledging a land worth 100 000 EUR).

The lower the indicator, the lower the investment risk. As in the case of non-repayment of the loan, the value of the property sold will be higher than the loan.

The automatic investment feature uses pre-set parameters to screen all available projects and pick the right ones to automatically place your investment. You can pre-select and set acceptable investment parameters regarding the amount, project risk class, interest rate, etc. No fees are applied for using Automatic Investment.

As many projects on the HeavyFinance platform are fully financed within a blink of an eye, enabling the auto investment feature will make sure that you will not miss the opportunities that fit your investment strategy.

You can perform changes on your investment strategy and enable/disable Automatic Investing at any time by simply visit Invest > Auto investment located under the main menu section.

Your investments are protected by securitised collaterals that back each loan. These collaterals are in turn protected by the specific regulations in each jurisdiction and the enforcement of such regulations towards the liquidation of the collateral to recoup the amount lent.

Our investors are presented with a risk rating A+, A, B+, B, C+, C or D (where D is considered too risky to publish on our platform).

This rating is calculated by factoring all required data on HeavyFinance’s own risk assessment model. On top of this rating, we recommend all our investors go through all the available data to have a full understanding of the loan project.

Every investment carries risks. Although HeavyFinance works with a low-risk sector and asset class, we are also bound to have a percentage of defaulted loans. Taking into account all the measures undergone to ensure guarantees and securitise the collaterals, within the pool of defaulted loans, there will be only a small probability of losing an entire investment.

The key considerations to have in mind before investing are;

  • Make sure you invest within your financial capacity and that you can endure the predictable timeframe of the payout.
  • Understand your risk tolerance, and do the due diligence on each investment with the information available to have a personal grasp of its context and risk.
  • Avoid concentration risks by diversifying your project portfolio. This will also dilute the individual risk of each investment and better tolerance to the adversity of losing your funds partially or in total on an investment.

The interest rate indicated next to each HeavyFinance project is an annual rate. For example, if you invest 1 000 € in a project with a 12 percent annual rate of return, then each month’s interest will comprise 10 € (1 000 € x 12% x 1/12).

Unless otherwise indicated in the loan repayment schedule provided next to the project, your interest will be paid on a monthly basis, while the principal amount invested will be repaid according to the repayment schedule (each project has a specified duration – 12, 24 months, etc.).

You will start earning money with the first interest payments from the project owner.

The interest is started to be calculated from and including the date of disbursement of the loan amount to the project owner or 16 working days have passed after the loan was fully financed, whichever is earlier.

After the loan is fully financed, we start collecting final documents from the borrower to fulfil all the obligations to secure the loan. It might take some time, as we need to deal with several institutions. Therefore, the interest starts accruing 16 days after the project is fully financed even if the money collected is not yet paid to the borrower.

You can track the upcoming payments under the ‘My investments’ section.

Such a project can be financed if more than 25% of the desired amount is collected and the borrower agrees to take a loan on such terms. If the borrower does not agree to the lower amount of borrowing, the financed amount is returned to the investors.

The agricultural sector is heavily related to seasonality and the monthly income is different depending on the time of the year and weather conditions. The unstable financial situation sometimes causes delays in interest payments. However, your money is still protected with all the measures taken from the beginning.

Furthermore, the borrower pays 0,2%  of the overdue amount to the investors for each calendar day of delay, whereas HeavyFinance deducts 0,1% of the overdue amount for administration of overdue payments. You can get more information in the Fees section.

In case the borrower fails to fulfil its obligations, HeavyFinance starts the recovery procedure by approaching the notary for an executive document. When the executive document is issued, the bailiff overtakes leveraged machinery and sells it. Recovered funds are distributed to investors.

If recovered funds do not cover the investment, the recovery procedure is pointed towards the borrower itself.

A borrower is contractually allowed to repay a loan at any time without penalties after 4 months from the start of the loan period. If the borrower decided to repay the loan sooner, the interest for four months has to be paid to investors.

Yes, you are able to sell your investment through the HeavyFinance secondary market. After logging in to your account go to ‘My portfolio’ > ‘My investments’ and choose, which investment you would like to sell.

As the seller of your investment, you are able to offer a price, which can be equal to the nominal value of the invested amount or differ from it (i.e. be higher or lower). More information about secondary market rules can be found here.

After logging into your personal HeavyFinance account, go to ‘My portfolio’ > ‘My investments’. There you will find the summary of projects you have invested in. You can see all the information needed considering your investments.

Sometimes technical problems occur in the investment process causing the cancellation of your investment. But don’t worry, your money is still safe with you.

  • Lack of funds in the account: Before making an investment, always check if you have enough money in your account.
  • Paysera limits: If you have encountered Paysera transfer limits, we provide instructions on how to raise the limits. To change the limits:
    • log in to your Paysera account and select Settings, Limits, Rights, Authorizations from the left menu.
    • In the window that opens, click on Account credentials and payment limits.
    • Then, enter edit mode and adjust the existing limits to what you need.
    • Please note that the new limits take effect after 12 hours.
  • Technical Problems: If you can’t invest – try another device and / or browser. If it does not help to solve the problem, it can be a lag in the payment provider, which usually does not take more than an hour to be solved. If the problem persists – contact us by email: info@heavyfinance.com

Payment solutions

Your HeavyFinance account can be connected to only one wallet at the same time. To have both a HeavyFinance investment wallet and Paysera digital wallet, you can create a second HeavyFinance account with another email address.

HeavyFinance investment account is a payment solution provided in cooperation with LemonWay, a French fintech company. LemonWay is approved and regulated by the French Prudential Supervision and Resolution Authority (ACPR) and benefits from the “EU financial passport” in 28 countries.

Lemonway’s payment services have been trusted by more than 1,400 marketplaces and 200 crowdfunding platforms in Europe. The company based in Paris (HQ), London, Madrid, Milano, and Hamburg employs more than 120 people.

After registering on HeavyFinance, you can choose to create a HeavyFinance investment wallet. In just several minutes you will walk through the standard procedure of identification, and verification and need to answer a few questions about your financial knowledge.

It will really take just several minutes to fill in the main information. You will be verified in up to 48 hours but it usually takes much less than that.

Under your account, you can find wallet information – https://heavyfinance.com/account/wallet

The deposits and withdrawals may take up to 2 working days to be completed.

 

To top up

You can top up your HeavyFinance investment wallet using SEPA transfer and information under the deposit section. Please initiate the transfer from the bank account under the same name as your HeavyFinance account and don’t forget to provide a unique Reference number that you will find on your wallet page. You will receive a confirmation email once the funds reach your account.

 

To withdraw

You can withdraw money from your HeavyFinance investment wallet using information under the Withdrawal section. Firstly you will need to submit “proof of IBAN document” (it can take up to 24 hours to verify this document) and then you will be able to submit the actual withdrawal.

We care about the security of your investments, therefore we use the services of the payment operator Paysera in order to implement the principle of fund segregation.

In order to ensure the principle of separation of funds between investors and the HeavyFinance platform, HeavyFinance has chosen Paysera’s payment system as the payment operator. Paysera is the leader in the payments market in the Baltic States, providing cheap and fast payment solutions that meet the expectations of crowdfunding investors.

Before investing, it is necessary to link the HeavyFinance investor environment with a personal account in Paysera. You can do this by clicking the “link account to Paysera” button. You will be redirected to the Paysera page where you will need to enter your Paysera login details. You will then need to select the account from which you want to invest and click the button to “grant access to the listed information”

The HeavyFinance platform has no direct access to your funds, they are available on your personal Paysera account. However, linking the accounts allows you to see the amount available on your Paysera account as the balance on the HeavyFinance platform.

=It will only take a couple of minutes to create one with few simple steps:

  • Download free Paysera app to your smartphone from Google Play or App Store.
  • Open the app, enter your phone number and password. Then enter the code received in the SMS message to the app.
  • Confirm your email address, fill out a customer identification form, and verify your identity.
  • After completing all the steps, click the “Link Account to Paysera” button on the HeavyFinance website and link Paysera and HeavyFinance accounts.
  • In order to increase the limits of your Paysera account, you will need to confirm your identity with a mobile signature, Skype call or go to the Paysera branch.

A passport or ID card and a filled-in Know Your Customer questionnaire are required for identification. The document can be submitted by logging in to your Paysera account via a computer with a camera or via the Paysera app. Details about the identification process can be found here.

 

In case your Paysera identification is unsuccessful, please contact Paysera customer service and their specialist will help you with the identification process. You can message them here or call the number provided here.

You can top up your Paysera account using several ways. All of them are described here.

To invest in larger amounts, remember to change the limits:

  • Log in to your Paysera account
  • In the left menu, select Settings> Limits, Permissions, Permissions.
  • In the window that opens, click on Account authorisations and payment limits.
  • Turn on edit mode and adjust existing limits to the ones you need.

Note that new limits take effect after 12 hours.

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